The Best Time to Visit the Czech Republic

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The best times to visit the Czech Republic are in late spring (May) and early fall (September and October). Not only do these months have the best weather, but also fewer crowds and cheaper accommodation prices.

You’ll find plenty of exciting things to do whenever you visit the Czech Republic, but this guide will help you figure out what time of year is best for you.

Weather in the Czech Republic 

The Czech Republic has a temperate climate and four distinct seasons. Average daytime temperatures dip as low as 36 degrees F (2 degrees C) in the winter and hover around 73 degrees F (23 degrees C) in the summer. (However, the past couple of summers have reached record-breaking high temperatures.) Although the country doesn’t see very much extreme weather, the climate does vary around the country due to differences in elevation.

Peak Season in the Czech Republic

The summer months, especially July and August, are peak tourist season. At these times, prices will be higher, and you’re likely to encounter long lines and big crowds at popular attractions such as Prague Castle and Charles Bridge. The temperatures can also get very hot at this time of year, occasionally soaring as high as 100 degrees F (37 degrees C) and air conditioning is sparse. If you are planning to visit during this period, check ahead of time whether your accommodation provides air conditioning or fans, and get up and out early to beat the heat and the crowds.

Best Time to Enjoy Nature

If your itinerary includes hiking through some of the country’s national parks, such as Bohemian Paradise or Bohemian Switzerland, then spring or fall would be the best time to visit. The mild temperatures and calm weather during this time provide the ideal climate for outdoor activity. If you’re hoping to go skiing, plan your visit later in winter to ensure there is plenty of snowfall on the slopes. On the other hand, if you prefer to spend your time sunbathing next to the Brno or Liberec reservoirs, summer might be the ideal time to plan your visit.

January

January is the coldest month of the year in the Czech Republic, so be sure to pack lots of warm clothing including hats and gloves. But on the positive side, colder temperatures mean fewer crowds, and accommodation prices will be much lower than in the summer months. 

Events to check out:

  • The fun doesn’t have to stop after New Year’s. Brno announced that it will be extending its Christmas market in the main square until Jan. 5.
  • Three Kings Day is celebrated throughout the country on Jan. 6. You’re likely to hear lots of bell-ringing and carol-singing on this day.
  • People gather in Wenceslas Square on Jan. 19 to somberly mark the day that student Jan Palach lit himself on fire in 1969 to protest the Soviet invasion of the country. 

February

February is pretty similar to January. As the temperatures continue to hover around freezing, crowds and prices are optimal.

Events to check out:

  • Like many other countries around the world, the Czech Republic also celebrates Carnival. Masopust, as it’s known locally, involves parades and funny costumes.

March

Things start to warm up around mid-March, but that also means there might be a few wet days, so don’t forget to pack an umbrella and boots. 

Events to check out:

  • As Easter approaches, Easter markets will start popping up around the country. Prague has a huge, colorful market in Old Town Square every year, but ladies should beware of the sticks with brightly colored ribbons tied to the end. According to pagan tradition, women decorate eggs and bake sweets while the men create these sticks to then go around and lightly “whip” women on the back of the legs with them to promote health and fertility, in exchange for the eggs and sweets.

April

Daytime temperatures significantly increase in April, jumping from an average temperature of 46 degrees F (14 degrees C) to 57 degrees F (4 degrees C). While still on the cooler side, this is a great time to be in the Czech Republic because there are still few tourists, keeping the prices down and crowds small.

Events to check out:

  • Čarodejnice is witch burning day in the Czech Republic. Effigies of witches are burned throughout the country on April 30 every year as part of an old pagan ritual to symbolize the end of winter.

May

On the cusp of summer, May is one of the best months to visit the Czech Republic. The temperatures reach an average of 65 degrees F (18 degrees C) during the day, and the tourist season is just starting to kick in, meaning that the crowds are still on the small side, but there are more tours and attractions available.

Events to check out:

  • Prague’s international classical music festival, Prague Spring, takes place annually from mid-May to early June. The concerts are performed throughout the city in churches, theaters, and other historic buildings. 
  • Khamoro is an annual festival celebrating Romani culture. There’s lots of traditional song and dance as well as exhibitions and a parade through Prague’s Old Town.
  • Beer lovers should head to Olomouc for the Beerfest Olomouc festival at the end of May where a solid mix of both large well-known breweries and small, regional breweries are represented.

June

Things start to heat up in June with average daytime temperatures reaching 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and tourist season kicking into full swing.

Events to check out:

  • The Starobrno Ignis Brunensis festival is an international fireworks competition that takes place in Brno each year. While the festivities kick off in May, the grand finale fireworks show over Špilberk Castle takes place in June.
  • Theater fans love Prague’s Fringe Festival. Inspired by Edinburgh Fringe, this event brings a week and a half of innovative theater, comedy, and dance performances to the Czech capital.

July

Prague is hot and crowded in July so this is a good time of year to plan on exploring other parts of the country that will be less crowded.

Events to check out:

  • Music lovers should head to Colours of Ostrava in July. This multi-genre international music festival takes place annually in its namesake, Ostrava.
  • The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival also takes place in July. Based in the popular spa town, it one of the oldest film festivals in the world and is the leading film event in the region.

August

Both the heat and crowds remain strong through August. This is a good time to head to the mountainous areas for cooler temperatures and beautiful scenery.

Events to check out:

  • The Czech Motorcycle Grand Prix takes place each year in Brno at the Masaryk Circut and draws large crowds of excited fans.
  • Prague Pride takes place in August with a week’s worth of LGBTQ events and a big parade.
  • Brno Day’s name is misleading as it actually takes place over the span of a few days. This city celebration commemorates Brno’s defense against a siege from the Swedish in the Thirty Years War and is celebrated with parades and costumed reenactments.

September

The fall is the best time to visit the Czech Republic. As the crowds start to dwindle, the average daily temperature returns to a comfortable 66 degrees F (19 degrees C).

Events to check out:

  • September is all about wine festivals. The Pálava Vintage festival, Historical Vintage Festival in Znojmo, and Valtice Vintage all take place annually in Moravia, and the Litoměřice Vintage and Mělník Vintage are held in Bohemia in September. 

October

Things start to get a little cooler in October, but the weather is still pleasant overall, and the scores of tourists are long gone, meaning that prices will be coming back down.

Events to check out:

  • The Signal Festival in Prague is a unique event that combines design with technology to create art using light. Projections on city landmarks and lighting installations can be seen in the evenings throughout the city during this event.
  • The Prague Writers’ Festival brings together writers from around the world for discussion, events, public readings, and lectures.

November

Temperatures drastically drop in November with an average daytime temperature of only 43 degrees F (6 degrees C).

Events to check out:

  • Saint Martin’s Day is a feasting holiday that takes place annually on November 11. The day is celebrated throughout the country by eating goose and drinking a lot of a young wine made specifically for the occasion. 

December

December is one of the coldest months in the Czech Republic, but the availability of hot mulled wine at the Christmas markets makes the cold more bearable. Despite the low temperatures, this is a magical time to be in the Czech Republic.

Events to check out:

  • Christmas markets are very popular in the Czech Republic and cover almost every major square in the country from late November through the holiday season. Each city has a slightly different take on the tradition, so be sure to check the Christmas markets out in each city that you visit.
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