Unlike some other cities in India, Chennai (previously known as Madras), doesn't have any world famous monuments or tourist attractions. Instead of quickly leaving a memorable first impression, Chennai is a city that requires time and effort to really get to know and appreciate it. It's a city that requires you to explore below its surface and delve into its distinctive culture. These places to visit in Chennai will give you a feel for the city and what makes it special. Try and be there in mid January to experience the Pongal festival as well.
Have time for a side trip? Here are 9 Popular Places to Visit Near Chennai.
Chennai's historic neighborhood of Mylapore is often referred to as the soul of the city. One of the oldest residential parts of the city, predominantly inhabited by Brahmins, it's full of culture. There you'll find Chennai's most impressive temple, the 17th-century Kapaleeshwarar Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Other top attractions include the neo-Gothic style San Thome Cathedral, originally built by the Portuguese, and the serene Ramakrishna Mutt Temple. Tamil poet and saint Thiruvalluvar, one of the icons of Tamil literature, is believed to have been born in Mylapore way back in the 1st century BC. Storytrails conducts an insightful walking tour of Mylapore. The annual Mylapore Festival is held in early January, just before Pongal.
Fort Saint George
A legacy of the British East India Company, which completed constructing it in 1653, Fort Saint George was the nucleus of what became the city of Madras. The monument is one of Britain's first lasting footprints on India. It's now home to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and Secretariat. It also contains the grand Saint Mary's Church, which is one of the oldest surviving churches built by the British, and the Fort Museum. The museum displays a range of military memorabilia, relics, paintings, and artifacts from the colonial period. It's open daily, except Fridays, from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. The entrance fee is 20 rupees for Indians and 250 rupees for foreigners. Children under 15 years of age enter for free.
Madras High Court
Located just outside Fort Saint George, in George Town, the massive Madras High Court is one of the largest judicial buildings in the world. Built in 1892, it has distinctive red Indo-Saracenic architecture, with magnificent painted ceilings and stained-glass doors. It's possible to wander through the court and even sit in on a session.
George Town Markets and Bazaars
The congested lanes of George Town are occupied by some interesting street stalls and markets. This area, which used to be known as Black Town during the colonial period, was settled by locals who came to serve and trade with the Britishers in Fort Saint George. It was the first settlement of the city of Madras, which began its expansion from there in the 1640s. It's noisy, chaotic, and a photographer's delight! Explore the area on this Georgetown Bazaar Walk offered by Chennai Magic or Bazaar Trail Walk offered by StoryTrails.
AddressMarina Beach, Tamil Nadu
For a real Indian beach experience, head to Marina Beach at sunset and soak up the carnival-like atmosphere, with amusement rides and snack stalls. The beach, which is the longest urban beach in India, starts from near Fort Saint George and runs south for 13 kilometers (8.1 miles). It's dotted with numerous statues and monuments and is a popular hangout place for locals. Tens of thousands of people visit it daily. The lighthouse, at the southern end of the beach, was opened for tourists in late 2013. Do note that bathing and swimming aren't permitted as there are strong currents.
One of Chennai's oldest neighborhoods, Triplicane, borders Marina Beach. It's an ideal place to discover more of the city's multi-cultural heritage. The neighborhood is centered around the 8th century Hindu Parthasarathy temple but has been influenced by the British and the Nawab of Arcot, who settled there. Nowadays, it's home to a menagerie of monastic orders, Brahmin agraharams, Hindu and Jain temples, mosques, traditional music venues, and small local cafes. Chennai Magic's heritage walk through Triplicane provides insight into the religious beliefs, food taboos, and cultural preferences of its various communities. Try to catch the impressive Parthasarathy temple chariot festival, usually held in May.
Dedicated to revered spiritual teacher Swami Vivekananda, Vivekananda House is maintained by Sri Ramakrishna Math and houses a permanent exhibition on his life and Indian culture. There's a meditation room on the second floor where the Swami stayed after his return from the west in February 1897. The distinctive Victorian-style building is more than 150 years old and was originally built to store ice. It was subsequently purchased by Biligiri Iyengar, an advocate of the Madras High Court, who named it Castle Kernan. Vivekananda House is located opposite Marina Beach in Triplicane. It's open from 10.00 a.m. until 12.30 p.m. and 3.00 p.m. until 7.15 p.m, daily except Mondays. Tickets cost 20 rupees for adults and 10 rupees for children.
Theagaraya Nagar (T. Nagar)
Join the hordes of bargain hunters looking for discounts on everything from saris to gold at Chennai's main shopping district, T. Nagar. It's one of the most crowded places in India! On weekends during the festival season (from November until the end of January) the crowds can swell to an astonishing 2 million people! Ranganathan Street is where most of the action happens. Performance venues in the neighborhood (such as Krishna Gana Sabha, Vani Mahal and Bharath Kalachar) also host many famous classical musicians during the month-long Madras Music Season, from mid December to mid January each year.
Kasimedu Fishing Harbour and Market
Early risers will find the fishy frenzy at Kasimedu Fishing Harbor to be a fascinating sight. The harbor comes alive as early as 2 a.m., when the first catch is brought in. However, the activity continues throughout the day, with more than 1,500 fishing boats operating there. As well as supplying local markets, the fish is exported to neighboring states such as Kerala and Karnataka. The extensive fishing harbor complex also includes an auction hall for the fish and a ship building yard. It's located in Royapuram, one of the oldest parts of Chennai, north of the city center.
Koyambedu Wholesale Market Complex
Koyambedu Wholesale Market Complex is one of Asia's largest perishable goods markets and another fascinating local attraction for early risers. The massive market complex was inaugurated in 1996 and is spread over 295 acres west of the city center near Anna Nagar. It houses about 1,000 wholesale shops and 2,000 retail shops. Although the market operates around the clock, the best time to visit the wholesale vegetable section is from 3 a.m. to 5 a.m., when most of the produce sales take place. The wholesale flower section is most vibrant after noon, when the fresh supply of flowers has arrived.
Foodies shouldn't miss exploring south Chennai's cultural Adyar neighborhood, named after the Adyar River that flows through it. Although it's one of the costliest areas of the city, it also has some iconic eateries that have withstood the test of time. One of them is Adyar Ananda Bhavan, which was established more than three decades ago and serves up authentic south Indian vegetarian cuisine and sweets. Chennai Magic conducts this food walk through Adyar, stopping at local provision and specialty shops to learn about the ingredients and spices that go into south Indian foods. You'll get to try some yummy delicacies too!
AddressCholamandal Artists Village, Injambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600115, India
India's largest artists' commune, Cholamandal Artists’ Village, was set up in 1966 in Injambakkam village on the southern outskirts of Chennai. What's really remarkable about it is that the artists are self-sustaining and have not received any financial assistance -- they purchased their own land and built everything themselves including their houses, studios, gallery, theater, and workshops. The village is renowned for having pioneered the Madras Movement of Art, which brought modern art to south India. You'll get to see an extraordinary collection of paintings and sculptures there, along with the artists at work. The entry fee is 30 rupees per adult and 20 rupees per child, open from 9.30 a.m. until 6.30 p.m.
Kalakshetra is a cultural academy dedicated to the preservation and teaching of Indian art forms, with a focus on bharatanatyam, carnatic vocal and instrumental music, the visual arts, traditional crafts and textile design, history and philosophy. Built on 100 acres of land near the sea in southern Chennai, it's a wonderful place to visit if you're interested in the arts and culture of south India. There's a craft center and museum on the premises. Kalakshetra is open for visitors from 8.30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday to Friday. Self-guided tours (using a free map) cost 100 rupees for Indians and 200 rupees for foreigners. Guided tours, conducted by an eminent person well-versed in the field of Art and Culture, are also offered for groups of 1-10 people. It's worth catching one of the free evening performances held at the auditorium on show days.
AddressChinnaiyan Colony, Park Town, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600007, India
Did you know that the coast of Chennai is a breeding ground for the endangered Olive Ridley turtle? During nesting season, from December to April each year, large numbers of turtles come ashore to lay their eggs. The hatchlings are left to make their own way into the sea and many of them die. In order to increase their chances of survival, volunteers of the Students Sea Turtle Conservation Network (SSTCN) conduct walks to collect their eggs and take them to a hatchery. The walks happen on Friday and Saturday nights, starting at 11 p.m, from Neelangarai beach to Besant Nagar beach. Members of the public who are interested in conservation are welcome to join in. It's also possible to see hatchlings being released in the evenings during March and April.