Basic Russian Vocabulary for Travelers

Marshrutka minibus on Nevsky Prospekt. St Petersburg, St Petersburg, Russia, Eastern Europe, Europe
••• Learn phrases that can help you find local transprtation. Lonely Planet/Getty Images
  • 01 of 02

    Russian Basics

    In Russia’s major cities, quite a lot of people (especially young people and those in customer service professions) speak English. However, it’s still very likely that you will find yourself in a situation where the person you’re talking to doesn’t know a word of English, especially if you’re traveling outside the big cities or off the beaten track. Here is a quick vocabulary guide to some of the words you need to know that will help you better connect with Russian culture during your travels.

    Important Notes

    • Don't panic! Russian is notoriously difficult to remember and pronounce. Pick a few phrases and memorize them the best you can (or write them down). Most people will understand you even if you speak with a strong accent.
    • I've listed both formal and informal versions of phrases. In Russia, it's customary to address someone you don't know using the formal versions, especially if they are older than you or in any customer service/public official situation.
    • The stressed...MORE syllable is indicated by capital letters. E.g. In the word "PoZHAlusta" (please), the second syllable is stressed.
    • The Russian "e" sound sounds more like the e sound at the end of the sound "ye"; it is not pronounced like in the English word "met" or "meet."
    • The Russian "g" sound is always hard (as in "garden" - not as in "vegetable").
    • If you see this symbol ['] after a word, it means that you should soften the last consonant, as if you were going to add the letter "i" at the end of the word, but stop just short of it. For example with "den'", imagine you were going to say "deni" but don't actually pronounce the "i" sound, just the first half of it (this is not crucial to beginners' pronunciation; you will likely be understood regardless).
    • Interested? Learn more about the Cyrillic alphabet.

    Essentials

    Yes – Да (da)

    No – Нет (nyet)

    Please – Пожалуйста (poZHAlusta)

    Thank you – Спасибо(spaSIbo)

    You’re welcome – Не за что (ne za chto)

    Enjoy (often used instead of “you’re welcome” for food) – На здоровье (na zdaROVye)

    Excuse me – Прошу прощения (proSHU proSCHEniya)

    I’m sorry – Извините (izviNIte)

    I don’t understand. – Я не понимаю. (ya ne poniMAyu)

    I don’t speak Russian. – Я не говорю по-Русски. (ya ne govorU po RUSski)

    Do you speak English? – Вы говорите по-Английски? (vi govoRIte po angLIYski?)

    Help me, please. – Помогите, пожалуйста. (pomoGIte poZHAlusta)

    Where is the bathroom? – Где туалет? (gde tuaLET?)

    One ticket (please). – Один билет (пожалуйста). (oDIN biLYET (poZHAlusta))

    Greetings & Small Talk

    Hello (formal)! – Здравствуйте! (ZDRAstvuyte)

    Hello (informal)! – Привет! (priVET)

    Good morning. – Доброе утро. (dObroye Utro)

    Good afternoon. – Добрый день. (dObriy den’)

    Good evening. – Добрый вечер.(dObriy VEcher)

    How are you? – Как дела? (kak deLA?)

    I’m fine, thank you. – Хорошо, спасибо. (haraSHO, spaSIbo)

    I’m ok, thank you. – Неплохо, спасибо. (nePLOho, spaSIbo)

    What’s your (formal/informal) name? – Как вас/тебя зовут? (kak vas/teBYA zoVUT?)

    My name is ... – Меня зовут ... (meNYA zoVUT...)

    It’s nice to meet you. – Приятно познакомиться. (priYATno poznaKOmitsa)

    Goodbye. – До свидания. (do sviDAniya)

    Good night. – Доброй ночи. (DObroi NOchi)

    Until next time – До встречи (do VSTREchi)

    Directions

    Where is...? – Где ...? (Gde...?)

    Where is the metro? – Где метро? (gde meTRO?)

    Where is the bus? – Где автобус? (gde avTObus?)

    Is it far? – Это далеко? (eto daleKO?)

    Go straight. – Идите прямо. (iDIte PRYAmo)

    Turn right. – Поверните на право. (poverNIte na PRAvo)

    Turn left. – Поверните на лево. (poverNIte na LEvo)

    Stop here, please. Остановитесь здесь, пожалуйста. (ostanoVItes’ zdes’, poZHAlusta)

    A map, please. – Карту, пожалуйста. (KARtu, poZHAlusta)

    Continue to 2 of 2 below.
  • 02 of 02

    Eating Out, Time Indications, Shopping Vocabulary

    Restaurants and Cafes

    Could I have the menu, please? – Можно меню, пожалуйста? (MOzhno meNU poZHAlusta?)

    A table for two, please. – На двоих, пожалуйста (na dvoIH, poZHAlusta)

    Appetizer – Закуска (zaKUSka)

    Salad – Салат (saLAt)

    Soup – Суп (sup)

    Chicken – Курица (KUritsa)

    Beef – Говядина (goVYAdina)

    Fish – Рыба (RIba)

    Main Course – Горячее Блюдо (goRYAchee BLUdo)

    Dessert – Десерт (deSSERt)

    I will have ... – Я буду ... (ya BUdu...)

    May I have a glass of ... (water/wine/beer) – Можно мне стакан... (вина/воды/пива) (MOzhno mne staKAN... (viNA/voDI/PIva))

    May I have a cup of... (tea/coffee) Можно мне чашку... (чая/кофе) (MOzhno mne CHAshku... (CHAya/KOfe))

    Do you have something vegetarian? У вас есть вегетарианские блюда? (u vas est’ vegetariANskiye BLUda?)

    May I have the bill, please? – Можно чек, пожалуйста? (MOzhno chek, poZHAlusta?)

    Breakfast – Завтрак (ZAvtrak)

    Lunch – Обед (oBED)

    Dinner – Ужин (Uzhin)

    Shopping

    How much is it? – Сколько стоит? (skol’ko STOit?)

    Can I pay? – Можно заплатить? (MOzhno...MORE zaplaTIT’?)

    Can I pay by credit card? – Можно заплатить кредитной карточкой? (MOzhno zaplaTIT’ kreDItnoi KARtochkoi?)

    Cash – Наличные (naLICHnie)

    Bookstore – Книжый магазин (KNIzhni magaZIN)

    Supermarket – супермаркет (superMARket)

    Bakery – Булочная (BUlochnaya)

    Time Indications

    Now – Сейчас (seyCHAS)

    Today – Сегодня (seGOdnya)

    Tomorrow- Завтра (ZAVtra)

    Yesterday – Вчера (vcheRA)

    Morning –Утро (Utro)

    Afternoon – День (den’)

    Evening - Вечер (VEcher)

    This afternoon – Сегодня днем (seGOdnya dnyom)

    This evening – Сегодня вечером (soGOdnya VEcherom)

    Learn more about the
    . Learn some more quirky Russian words.