Located in the Canadian Rocky Mountain range, "Banff" refers to both the town of Banff and Banff National Park.
Overall the climate of Banff is more moderate than many popular destinations in Canada, such as Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg or Edmonton.
The most important thing to know about the climate and weather conditions in this area is that it can change quickly from moment to moment and place to place.
At any time of year, layering your clothing is the best approach to dressing so you can adjust to conditions readily.
Banff Climate Fast Facts:
- July is the hottest month.
- June has the most hours of daylight and the most rain.
- Warm chinook winds can bring spring/summer temperatures in January to March.
- UV rating is high year-round. Hats and sunscreen are always recommended to avoid sunburn.
- December gets the most snow.
- Snow can arrive any time of the year and remains in high elevations year-round.
- Wind chill can make the temperature feel much colder than the thermometer reads.
Summer (July - August)
- Low humidity, warm temperatures and long daylight hours
- Average highs are about 21º C (70º F)
- Night-time lows around 7º C (45º F)
Autumn (September - October)
- Dwindling daylight hours and warm days, with cooling evening winds.
- Average temperatures dropping, but the highs remain well above freezing and lows hover right around the freezing point.
Winter (November - March)
- Although snow can happen throughout the year, winter snow begins to fall in November.
- Average temperature during the winter months is around -12º C (6º F); however it is not unusual to have a two-week cold snap during December or January where temperatures plummet into the -30º C (-22º F) range.
Banff and other regions nearby enjoy a wintertime chinook, which is a warm wind that brings spring-like temperatures and can last days or even weeks.
Spring (April - June)
- Rain and warming temperatures begin to melt winter away from the valleys in April. However, the high mountain passes and trails remain snow-covered until mid-summer.
- June is Banff's rainiest month: this combined with snowmelt pushes the rivers to their crests.