Travel to Asia: A Reopening Timeline, Country by Country

Vietnam Slowly Recovers From Coronavirus Outbreak
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Despite the novel coronavirus originating in China, the country’s infection rates have subsided exponentially and stayed low, which is a pattern seen across much of Asia, where testing and tracking methods are more thorough and effective than in many parts of the world. At the same time, India has become an outlier in the region, rapidly surpassing 30 million total confirmed cases in June and prompting many countries including the U.S. and UK to issue advisories and travel bans. However, countries like the Maldives have already completely reopened for tourism, and Thailand and Vietnam are experimenting with limited tourism reopenings.

Here’s what you need to know about border regulations and travel restrictions in Asia.

Bhutan

Bhutan's borders are closed and there is an active travel ban in place for most countries. A reopening of borders for tourism is not expected until later in 2021.

Cambodia

Cambodian borders began reopening in late May, but e-visa and visa on arrival programs have been suspended and tourist visas are not being issued. Travelers will need a negative test taken within 72 hours of their arrival date and the government has asked eligible travelers to pay a $2,000 deposit to cover the cost of further testing and quarantine. A mandatory test, the cost of which is deducted from the deposit, will be conducted upon arrival. All travelers must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival and will be required to purchase a mandatory $90 health insurance policy that will be valid for 20 days.

China

U.S. citizens who already have visas and wish to enter China will be subject to a health screening and a 14-day quarantine. Requirements may vary depending on your port of entry. Anyone traveling to China will also need to be tested for COVID-19 and antibodies within 48 hours before boarding their flight. The test must be processed at a laboratory on China's approved list. Any traveler who has been vaccinated with a Chinese-made vaccine will be allowed to enter.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong will allow vaccinated visitors from medium-risk countries, like Canada, to enter for tourism. Each traveler will need to show a positive antibody test and will still be required to quarantine for 21 days, plus seven days of self-monitoring. Non-resident travelers arriving from mainland China or Macau must quarantine in a hotel for seven days.

The U.S. is classified as a high-risk country and U.S. citizens will not be allowed to enter if they have been in the U.S., or another high-risk country, within 21 days before entering Hong Kong.

India Extends Lockdown Amid The Coronavirus Pandemic
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India

After a record-shattering second wave, many countries continue to suspend flights to India. Borders remain closed and U.S. citizens will not be allowed to enter India for tourism, even if they hold a passport or visa—unless they have a qualifying urgent need. Business travel may be permitted.

Qualifying international passengers must submit a declaration form, submit to a health screening, and quarantine upon arrival. Travelers arriving from the UK, Europe, Brazil, South Africa, or the Middle East will also be tested on arrival.

Indonesia

U.S. citizens will be allowed to enter only if they have an existing and valid visa or residence permit. If allowed to enter, travelers must show proof of vaccination and a test negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival. After arrival, all visitors must complete a minimum eight-day quarantine at a government-designated facility.

Japan

Japan is still banning the entry of foreign tourists from most countries, including the U.S., as well as citizens of any other country who have passed through countries on the banned list within the past 14 days. No foreign national will be allowed to enter Japan unless they qualify for an exception. Approved travelers will need a negative test taken within 72 hours, will be tested on arrival, and must self-isolate for 14 days. Travelers from the UK will be required to spend the first three days in a government hotel.

Laos

Most borders remain closed and all entrants will be subject to COVID-19 testing on arrival and a 14-day hotel quarantine at their own expense. U.S. citizens will not be allowed to enter unless they already hold a long-term visa.

Malaysia

Malaysia has banned the entry of foreign nationals from high-risk countries, including the U.S. Some exceptions can be made for foreign travelers with long-term passes, but they will have to request approval from the Immigration Department first. These travelers will need to be PCR tested before their trip and must either quarantine or check in for their treatment immediately when they arrive.

Maldives

The Maldives is welcoming all foreign nationals, but tourists will be required to show a negative test taken within 96 hours of leaving for their trip regardless of vaccination status. The test results will need to be attached when filling out the required Traveler Health Declaration form online.

Myanmar

All international flights have been suspended. All foreign nationals who enter Myanmar will need to provide a negative test result taken within 72 hours of departing and will be subject to 14 days in a quarantine facility. Travelers are also asked to self-quarantine in their home countries seven days prior to their trip and will need to show "evidence" of this. However, the U.S. Embassy has not yet received clarification on what type of documents will be accepted as evidence.

Nepal

Tourists will need to obtain a visa through their travel agency, provide proof of vaccination or a negative test result taken within 72 hours of departure, and proof of insurance and booked accommodation. All tourists must quarantine for 10 days regardless of vaccination status. On the fifth day of the quarantine, they will also be required to take another test and must test negative before proceeding on their trip.

Singapore

Short-term visitors may now enter Singapore if they have been issued a Safe Travel Pass. To enter, they will need a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours and submit to another PCR test upon arrival. Visitors will be issued a notice to stay home and quarantine for 14 days. Those who break their Stay-Home Notice (SHN) could be fined up to $10,000 or face jail time.

South Korea

South Korea's visa-free entry program has been suspended for Europe and the Americas and those allowed to enter South Korea must already have a visa. Most foreign travelers, including U.S. citizens, arriving in South Korea must show a negative PCR test and complete a 14-day quarantine at a government facility at their own expense, regardless of vaccination status. After two negative tests, it is possible to be released from quarantine early.

Sri Lanka

After recently reopening to tourists, Sri Lanka has closed its borders and closed the international airport. Prior to these restrictions, visitors needed to show a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight and were tested on arrival and also on the seventh day of quarantine. Tourists will only be allowed to move in between the approved tourism zones.

Taiwan

Foreign visitors, including U.S. citizens, are allowed to enter Taiwan if they qualify for an exception, but the country is still closed for tourism. Anyone qualified to enter Taiwan, regardless of nationality and vaccination status, must submit a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure, provide their travel and contact history, and undergo a 14-day quarantine after being tested on arrival.

Thailand

Thailand loosened travel restrictions for citizens of over 50 countries, including the United States, who can apply for a Special Tourist Visa (STV). This long-stay visa is for travelers who plan to spend at least 90 days in Thailand. Applicants will need to show proof of long-stay accommodation to apply. Before flying, travelers, regardless of their vaccination status, will need a negative test taken within 72 hours and will be subject to a 14-day quarantine at a government facility upon arrival. No short-term visitors will be allowed to enter Thailand unless they qualify for an exception or already have a visa.

Some travelers are allowed to enter Phuket on a direct flight without the need to quarantine as long as they can show proof of vaccination and a negative PCR test. After 14 days in Phuket, visitors will be allowed to travel to other parts of Thailand. As of August 20, the U.S. is not on the list of approved countries. To enter Phuket, all travelers must apply through the online portal before purchasing their airline ticket.

Vietnam

The government has suspended entry indefinitely to all foreigners, with an extremely limited number of exceptions. Movement is heavily restricted and health checkpoints have been set up throughout the country. Those who are allowed to enter will have to present a negative test result and will be subject to more testing and a mandatory quarantine at their own expense when they arrive. For fully vaccinated travelers, the quarantine period has been shortened from 14 days to seven. Vietnam plans to open Phu Quoc island for tourism in October.

Article Sources
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  1. Government of the United Kingdom. "Foreign Travel Advice: Bhutan." July 20, 2021.

  2. U.S. Embassy in Cambodia. "COVID-19 Information." September 21, 2021.

  3. U.S. Embassy & Consulates in China. "COVID-19 Information." September 20, 2021.

  4. U.S. Consulate General Hong Kong & Macau. "COVID-19 Information." September 20, 2021.

  5. U.S. Embassy & Consulates in India. "COVID-19 Information." August 17, 2021.

  6. U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Indonesia. "COVID-19 Information." September 16, 2021.

  7. Japan National Tourism Organization. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) Advisory Information." September 21, 2021.

  8. Government of the United Kingdom. "Foreign Travel Advice: Japan." September 16, 2021.

  9. U.S. Embassy in Laos. "COVID-19 Information." September 19, 2021.

  10. U.S. Embassy in Malaysia. "COVID-19 Information." September 9, 2021.

  11. U.S. Mission to Maldives. "COVID-19 Information." June 3, 2021.

  12. Maldives Immigration. "Pre-Entry PCR Certificate with Negative Test Result, as an Entry Requirement for Tourists and Other Short-Term Visitors Traveling to Maldives." September 10, 2020.

  13. U.S. Embassy in Burma. "COVID-19 Information." September 20, 2021.

  14. U.S. Embassy in Nepal. "COVID-19 Information." July 27, 2021.

  15. U.S. Embassy in Singapore. "COVID-19 Information." August 19, 2021.

  16. Visit Korea. "COVID-19 Info for Visitors." July 15, 2020.

  17. U.S. Embassy & Consulate in the Republic of Korea. "COVID-19 Information." September 17, 2021.

  18. U.S. Embassy in Sri Lanka. “COVID-19 Information.” August 16, 2021.

  19. American Institute in Taiwan. “COVID-19 Information.” June 28, 2021.

  20. U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Thailand. "COVID-19 Information." September 8, 2021.

  21. U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Vietnam. "COVID-19 Information." September 21, 2021.

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