Arizona Statistics

Taking a Look at Census 2010

Arizona Census
John Lund / Getty Images

Do you remember completing your Census forms several years ago? The Census Bureau conducted censuses in the United States, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. The reference date for Census 2010 is April 1, 2010 (Census Day). Many of the results have been tabulated, and the U. S. Census Bureau has released them to the public.

The U.S. Census Bureau describes the process as follows: "The decennial census occurs every 10 years, in the years ending in "0," to count the population and housing units for the entire United States. Its primary purpose is to provide the population counts that determine how seats in the U.S. House of Representatives are apportioned. Census figures also are required to draw congressional and state legislative district boundaries, to allocate federal and state funds, to formulate public policy, and to assist with planning and decision-making in the private sector.

The decennial census uses both short- and long-form questionnaires to gather information. The short form asks a limited number of basic questions. These questions are asked of all people and housing units, and are often referred to as 100-percent questions because they are asked of the entire population. The long form asks more detailed information from approximately a 1-in-6 sample, and includes the 100-percent questions as well as questions on education, employment, income, ancestry, homeowner costs, units in a structure, number of rooms, plumbing facilities, etc."

I have crunched some of these numbers to put them in an easy-to-understand format, based on some of the questions about the area's demographics that I am often asked. But before we move forward, a comment about Maricopa County. When people here think of Maricopa County, they often believe it to mean the same thing as the 'metro Phoenix area'. Just to be sure we understand what Maricopa County includes (like Wickenburg and Gila Bend), and doesn't include (like Apache Junction) here are some county details.

Now on to the statistics!

Next Page >> Populations Statistics

If you are interested in what the U.S. Census tells us about Arizona, in general, and Maricopa County, in particular, here are some of the facts and figures presented to you in an easy-to-read and easy-to-understand format. These figures are from the 2010 Census, unless otherwise stated.

  • Arizona population: 6,392,017
  • Arizona ranks 16th in state population.
  • The population of Arizona has increased by 24.6% since 2000, which was the second largest percentage increase. Nevada had a 35.1% increase over the same period. The U.S. population, as a whole, increase by 9.7%.
  • Maricopa County population: 3,817,117
  • Maricopa County had a 24.2% increase in population. It is the 4th largest county in the country.
  • The Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale metropolitan area has a population of 4,192,887 making it the 13th largest metropolitan area. Metro Phoenix grew by 28.9% from 2000 to 2010.
  • Out of 263 cities nationwide, 9 incorporated cities in the Phoenix metro area have a population of 100,000 or more. They are Chandler, Gilbert, Glendale, Mesa, Peoria, Phoenix, Scottsdale, Surprise and Tempe.

Of those 263 cities just mentioned:

  • Phoenix is ranked #6 and grew 9.4% since 2000.
  • Mesa is ranked #38 and grew 10.8% since 2000.
  • Chandler is ranked #80 and grew 33.7% since 2000.
  • Glendale is ranked #88 and grew 3.6% since 2000.
  • Scottsdale is ranked #92 and grew 7.2% since 2000.
  • Gilbert is ranked #101 and grew 90% since 2000.
  • Tempe is ranked #146 and grew 2.0% since 2000.
  • Peoria is ranked #153 and grew 42.2% since 2000.
  • Surprise is ranked #216 and grew 281.0% since 2000.

Next Page >> Race Statistics

If you are interested in what the 2010 Census tells us about Arizona, in general, and Maricopa County, in particular, here are some of the facts and figures presented to you in an easy-to-read and easy-to-understand format.

Race Statistics for Arizona

White: 4,667,121

Black: 259,008

Am. Indian/Alaska Native: 296,529

Asian: 176,695

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander: 12,698

Other: 761,716

Two or More Races: 218,300

Hispanic/Latino: 1,895,149

Race Statistics for Maricopa County

White: 2,786,781

Black: 190,519

Am. Indian/Alaska Native: 78,329

Asian: 132,225

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander: 7,790

Other: 489,705

Two or More Races: 131,768

Hispanic/Latino: 1,128,741

Cities With More Than 100,000 People

First Page >> Arizona Census