Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela's second largest national park, sprawls over three million hectares in south-eastern Venezuela along the border between Guyana and Brazil. Here, rolling savannas, moriche palm groves, montane forests, and dense river woodlands join sheer cliffs, astounding steep flat-topped table mountains called tepuis, from which fall spectacular cascades of water. Here is Angel Falls, Salto Angel, the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world. See this interactive map from Expedia.
"Canaima was established as a national park on 12 June 1962 by Executive Decree No. 770, and management is regulated under the Forest Law of Lands and Waters, 1966. Its size was doubled to the present area under Executive Decree No. 1.137 of 1 October 1975. National park objectives are stated in the 1983 Organic Law of Territorial Planning as natural areas unaffected by human disturbance where recreation, educational activities and research are encouraged. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994." UNESCO
In addition to safeguarding the environment, the park, through its river system feeding Guri Dam via the river Caroni, supplies most of Venezuela's power. The area was the inspiration for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel, "The Lost World" in which he set his characters in a world of prehistoric plants and dinosaurs.
The name of the park comes from the Pemón people who inhabit the area, and means spirit of evil. In spite of the off-putting name, tourism is encouraged, but limited to designated areas in the western region around Laguna de Canaima, accessible only by air. There are "camps" or lodges around the lagoon that provide lodgings, meals, recreational activities and tour guides. There in one road in the park, linking Ciudad Bolivar in the southeast corner of the park, to other areas.
The most famous feature of the park is Salto Angel, or Angel Falls, which drop from the Auyantepui, or Devil's Mountain, into the Cañon del Diablo, Devil's Canyon. The falls are named for an American flyer, Jimmy Angel, who was searching for gold and insteand "discovered" the falls. Read his story, written by his niece, in The House of the Devil: Angel Falls & Jimmie Angel.
As stated, access to Canaima National Park is by air to the village of Canaima, about 50 km away from the falls. From there, you take either a smaller plane and fly to an airstrip at Canaima Lagoon, or travel by river to the lagoon. From the lagoon, you hike to a view point of the falls.
There are also daily flights via Puerto Ordaz connecting Canaima airstrip with the major cities of Venezuela. The airstrip is a short jeep-train ride from nearby Lodges. Check flights from your area to Caracas or other Venezuelan cities with connections to Ciudad Bolicar and Canaima. From this page, you can also browse hotels, rental cars, and special deals.
From Canaima, when the water is neither too high or too low, you can travel by motorized canoe, called curiara up the Carrao River, then the Churun river to an point where you can then hike through the jungle to the falls. The river portion takes about four hours, and you should allow an hour or more for the hike. Canoe access to Angel Falls is restricted to the rainy season, June to November.
When to Go:
Any time of year. However, the falls depend on rainfall, so in dry season, between December and April, the falls are less spectacular. During the rest of the year, with greater rainfall, the falls are heavier, but clouds often obscure the top of the Auyantepui.
The climate of the great savanna plateau is temperate with a mean annual temperature of 24.5° C with the temperatures on tepui summits as low as 0° C during the night.
What to bring:
A copy of your passport, shorts, comfortable walking shoes, light shirt, a hat, sunglasses, sun-block cream, swim suit, towel.
If you are going to stay for more than a day, and don't want to rely on the restaurants in the park, which can be expensive, take some foodstuffs with you. The local shops are expensive, too.
If you are going to be climbing or trekking, you will need the appropriate gear.
Plan on more than a day at the falls. There may be clouds preventing photos and a clear view, plus there are additional things to see and do in the park.
Camera(s) and lots of film!
Waku Lodge faces Canaima lagoon and the waterfalls
Campamento Ucaima founded by Rudolf Truffino (Jungle Rudy) is on the Carrao river, just before the falls
Campamento Parakaupa[, between the airstrip and the lagoon, is a less expensive alternative to Campamento Ucaima
Kavac, a small Indian village at the base of the Auyan tepui, has access only by plane to Kamarata
Next page: more information about Angel Falls, climbing Roraima, and additional things to do and see.
Salto Ángel is 3,212 ft (979 m) high and the highest uninterrupted falls in the world. As a point of reference:
- Niagara Falls on the US/Canada border falls a distance of 60 m Angel Falls is 15 times higher.
- Iguazu Falls is a series of waterfalls, or cataracts, averaging averaging 61 m (200 ft) high and separated by rocky crags and islands. Angel Falls is 16 times higher. Angel Falls drops into the Carrao river with varying amounts of water depending on the season and rainfall accumulating on the top of the tepui. The steep cliff of the tepui is constantly eroding due to the effect of water on sandstone.Enjoy this sample of trip reports, tours and photos:
- Salto Angel
- Angel Falls, Venezuela
- Canaima Lagoon photos
- Sunbathe on the shores of Canaima Lagoon, and swim there and in the waters by El Sapo and Hacha Falls
- Take day hikes around the area
- Paddling Kavac-CanaimaRoraima:
Roraima, on the edge of the park bordering Guyana and Brazil, is one of the highest and largest tepuis. Its plateau is at 2700 m and the highest point is 2810 m. A favorite with climbers and trekkers, it affords a tremendous view from the summit. A trek to the top takes five days, (two for the climb up and down, the rest for sightseeing) starting from San Francisco de Yuruaní, north of Santa Elena.
Get a guide either in San Francisco, or in the tiny Indian village of Paraitepui. The headman of the village will insist on one, though the way up is very obvious. It's on the top of the tepui that you'll be glad you have one, for the surface of the tepui is a blackened landscape of weird rock formations, hidden gardens, pools and beaches made eerie with shifting fogs. You'll want to stay at least two or three days on top.
- Trekking Roraima: The Lost World
- Roraima Climb Along the way, you'll see Kunkenan tepui and river. The falls are visible from quite a distance, and a dip in the river is a welcome break.Within the park:
- Birding - the park is home to more than 550 species of birds
- Wildlife - see if you can spot a giant anteater, giant armadillo, giant otter, three-toed sloth, ocelot, jaguar, capybara, crab-eating raccoon, tapir, peccary, several species of monkeys, or a puma
- Flowers everywhere! There are over 500 species of orchids alone
Outside the park, to the north, the Raul Leoni Hydroelectric Power Station, also known as the Guri Dam, is on Guri Lake, a vast lake with areas still unexplored. It is a favorite Fishing spot for peacock bass (speckled, butterfly and royal), "saber-toothed" payara, and amara.
Whenever you go to Canaima National Park, Angel Falls or Roraima, buen viaje!. Be sure to share your experiences with us by posting a note on the fourm.