Southeast Asian governments work in mysterious ways - consider their intermittent attempts to ban popular sites like Facebook, Youtube and Reddit.
Vietnam's unofficial ban on Facebook is sometimes on, sometimes off; lately its President admitted that cutting Vietnam off from Facebook was impossible to implement. "We cannot ban it," he conceded.
Some sites are permanently banned in certain countries; for instance, this writer was displeased to find his regular Reddit habit interrupted while traveling through Indonesia. The rationale - preventing the spread of pornography and corrosive ideas - seems sketchy, given that the notorious 4chan site remains unblocked.
Vietnam and Indonesia are not the only countries in the region with a twitchy banhammer. As a general rule, Internet freedoms in Southeast Asia are more restricted than in the West.
Freedom House, a non-governmental organization based in the U.S., released its 2018 Freedom on the Net survey and found that no part of Southeast Asia ranks as "truly free", compared to many countries in Western Europe and North America.
Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam rank as "not free", while all other Southeast Asian countries rank as "partly free".
Restrictions by Southeast Asia Countries
Internet restrictions in Vietnam "primarily targets topics with the potential to threaten the Vietnam Communist Party’s (VCP) political power, including political dissent, human rights and democracy," the report says.
Myanmar and Cambodia restrict Internet content along the same lines, intimidating Internet users from sharing anything other than the party line on religious, cultural and political issues.
Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore restrict Internet content by implementing filters that ban pornographic sites and pages discussing sensitive political issues. Thailand has occasionally banned Youtube due to content deemed offensive to the Thai King. (Read about lese majeste in Thailand.)
In general, people in Southeast Asia are free to use popular social media sites; the Burmese, for instance, are avid users of Facebook. (A hornets-nest of angry Burmese Facebook users got a Canadian traveler in legal trouble for his Buddha leg tattoo.)
How to Get Around Internet Censorship in Southeast Asia
Luckily, you can get around such roadblocks fairly easily. Before heading to your destination in Southeast Asia, download and install one of these workarounds on your computer or smartphone. Do it before leaving; some countries block and ban the sites that offer those workarounds as well!
VPNs. A Virtual Private Network, or VPN, links to a host server using an encrypted "tunnel" - instead of traffic being monitored (and blocked) by compromised country servers, you can surf unhindered through the tunnel created by the VPN, protected by an ironclad layer of 128-bit encryption!
"A VPN cloaks and encrypts your signal, making your online activity completely illegible to any eavesdroppers," explains Paul Gil. "[It] manipulates your IP address, making you appear to come from a different machine/location/country." There's one clear downside to using a VPN: "Your VPN will slow down your connection speed by 25% - 50%," says Paul.
While traveling in Indonesia, this writer used a VPN called Betternet for their Android phone; I was able to view Reddit as if I had never left home.
For other options, read Lifewire's list of top 10 VPN apps you can use when traveling.
Alternative DNS servers. In areas where the government controls DNS servers, you can bypass their controls by using different, publicly-available DNS servers. This requires some tweaking, so attempt this only if you have some experience in changing your computer’s essential settings.
Anonymous proxy servers. Anonymous proxy server can hide specific details about your computer or smartphone, permitting access to restricted content in certain circumstances. Proxy servers tend to be faster than VPNs, though they might not permit any Internet use beyond web surfing.
Lifewire has a list of 9 proxy servers you might consider using next time you visit.
PirateBrowser. The Pirate Bay released PirateBrowser as a bundle featuring Firefox with a FoxyProxy add-on and the Vidalia Tor client. Once installed on your PC, you can browse certain banned websites on PirateBrowser without fear.
Read about PirateBrowser on Wikipedia.